Roe Deer

Capreolus capreolus

  1. Wildlife
  2. Mammals
  3. Roe Deer


Our most common native deer, Roe Deer tend to be solitary in summer, but can form small, loose groups in winter. The males have relatively short antlers, typically with six points. They begin to grow their antlers in November, shedding the velvet from them in the spring. By Summer, they are ready for the rutting season. After mating, they shed their antlers in October and begin to grow a new set. Roe Deer live in areas of mixed countryside, with farmland, grassland, heathland and woodland.

How to identify

A slender, medium-sized deer with short antlers and no tail. Roe Deer are mostly brown in colour, turning reddish in the summer and darker grey in the winter. They have a paler, buff patch around the rump.

Where to find it

Found in Scotland and northern England. Scarce in Wales, the Midlands and southern England. Absent from Northern Ireland.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Roe Deer are not considered to be rare in the UK, but the habitats that they favour are declining - our grasslands, field margins and woodlands are all under threat. Encouraging farmers and landowners to have a wildlife-friendly approach, The Wildlife Trusts are working towards a Living Landscape: a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country, which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Roe Deer
Latin name
Capreolus capreolus
Length: 1.4m Height: 70cm at the shoulder Weight: 15-30kg Average lifespan: 6-7 years
Conservation status