The Species and Habitat Action Plans

The Species and Habitat Action Plans

Our 52 action plans were initially compiled by numerous local experts between 2002-2005 and widely consulted amongst conservation specialists and potential partners. Their comments and amendments were incorporated and the plans adopted by the Steering Group. However, it was not intended that the plans should be set in stone and between 2012-15 a review was carried out to update them and make them more achievable and measurable. 

One of the results of the review was the creation of generic plans for actions that were common to all the plans: a generic species action plan and generic habitat action plan

Find out more about the Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull Local Biodiversity Action Plan (LBAP).

Updating the Action Plans: If you have carried out a project, or know of work, relating to any of the Action Plans listed below please contact Ruth Moffatt on

Much of the information in the habitat plans has been derived from the work of the Habitat Biodiversity Audit:

  • established in 1995 as a partnership between all the Local Authorities within Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull plus Natural England and Warwickshire Wildlife Trust. Its remit was to survey every field and boundary in the sub-region to provide up-to-date biodiversity data held on a Geographical Information System (GIS), that is updated annually.
  • the data is invaluable in protecting and enhancing habitats across the sub-region as the planning authorities use the information for a range of purposes, including spatial planning and development control.
  • as the longest continual running survey of its kind, the Phase 1 survey for Warwickshire has become an invaluable research data set for land-use change and landscape enhancements across the region.
  • it is recognized as European good practice

The Wildlife Sites Project began in 1999 to develop and maintain a formalized Local Wildlife Sites system for Warwickshire:

  • made up of Wildlife Sites and Local Geological Sites as part of a wider initiative also involving the Local Wildlife Sites system operated in Coventry and Solihull.
  • It is responsible for site selection in collaboration with the local authorities, and undertakes the detailed site survey generally referred to as a Phase 2 habitat survey against a set of criteria based on the Joint Nature Conservancy Council (JNCC) national criteria for the selection of biological Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).
  • These have been expanded to reflect a local authority’s role in nature conservation including local community characteristics.

Habitat Action Plans

The area of Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull has been categorised into 6 broad habitat types: grassland, farmland, woodland, urban, post-industrial and wetland. These broad habitats have been sub-divided into 25 Action Plans, the aim being to give a comprehensive cover of all the land area of the sub-region. Those in bold are UK BAP Priority Habitats; the terminology and derivation of the objectives can be viewed here.

  • Acid Grassland (updated 2016)
  • Allotments (updated 2021)
  • Built Environment (revision in progress 2021)
  • Calcareous Grassland (updated March 2018)
  • Canals (updated April 2019)
  • Churchyards and Cemeteries (updated February 2016)
  • Field Margins (updated May 2017) 
  • Gardens (updated 2021)
  • Lakes and Reservoirs (updated 2021)
  • Lowland Heathland (updated February 2016)
  • Hedgerows (updated May 2017)
  • Marsh and Swamp, Wet Grassland and Wet Woodland (updated April 2019)
  • Mosaic Habitats on Previously Developed Land (updated March 2018)
  • Neutral Grassland  (updated May 2017)
  • Old Parkland and Veteran Trees (updated February 2021)
  • Parks and Public Open Spaces (update in progress 2021)
  • Ponds (revision in progress 2021)
  • Quarries (updated March 2018)
  • Reed beds (updated April 2019)
  • Rivers and Streams (updated February 2018)
  • Roadside Verges (updated February 2016)
  • Scrub and Carr (now incorporated into other action plans)
  • School Grounds (updated February 2016)
  • Traditional Orchards (updated February 2021)
  • Woodland (update in progress 2021)

Acid Grassland 


Lakes and Reservoirs

Lowland heathland

Marsh and Swamp, Wet Grassland and Wet Woodland April 2019

Neutral Grassland

Old Parkland and Veteran Trees

Open Mosaic Habitats March 2018

Quarries and gravel pits

Roadside verges

School grounds

Traditional Orchards

Woodland and Wet Woodland

Progress with Habitat Action Plans 2011-2020

Allotments progress report 2011-2020

Built Environment progress report 2011-2020

Gardens progress report 2011-2020

Lakes & Reservoirs progress report 2011-2020

Progress with Habitat Action Plans 2011-2019

Ponds progress report 2011-2019

Old parkland and veteran trees progress report 2011-2019

Parks and public open spaces progress report 2011-2019

Traditional orchards progress report 2011-2019

Woodland progress report 2011-2019

Progress with Habitat Action Plans 2011 - 2018

Please see reports below: 

Canals progress report 2011-2018

Marsh and swamp, wet grassland and wet woodland progress report 2011 - 2018

Reed beds progress report 2011 - 2018

Progress with Habitat Action Plans 2011 - 2017

Please see the reports below: 

Calcareous grassland progress report 2011-2017

Open mosaic habitats progress report 2011-2017

Quarries & gravel pits progress report 2011-2017

Progress with Habitat Action Plans 2011 - 2016

Please see the reports below: 

Arable field margins progress report 2011-2016

Hedgerows progress report 2011-2016

Neutral Grassland progress report 2011-2016

Rivers & Streams progress report 2011-2016

Progress with Habitat Action Plans 2011 - 2015

Please see the reports below: 

Churchyards and cemeteries progress report 2011-2015

Lowland Acid grassland progress report 2011-2015

Lowland Heathland progress report 2011-2015

Roadside verges progress report 2011-2015

Species Action Plans

The Steering Group, in consultation with local specialist experts, selected a balance of species across the various groups of animals and plants typical of Warwickshire, Coventry & Solihull. In most instances, this produced action plans for species which are listed as Priority in the UK Steering Group report (i.e. national target species). However, in some cases the populations of those species in this region are increasing or stable and therefore are not in need of current action. In these instances, a more needy local species has been chosen for an action plan instead.

In all, 27 Action Plans for Warwickshire Coventry and Solihull were selected on the basis of the criteria outlined below; those in bold are UK BAP Priority Species:

  • UK Steering Group report Listed (as internationally or nationally threatened)
  • Keystone species for which management action will benefit a number of associated species
  • Cultural value, or locally characteristic. Includes species which are familiar to local people
  • Scarcity. Species which are locally/ nationally scarce of declining. Especially if the species “should” be more widespread locally
  • Specific action needed over and above general habitat conservation
  • In rapid decline locally.


  • Adder (updated March 2018)
  • Argent & Sable Moth (updated February 2021)
  • Barn owl (updated January 2017)
  • Bats (updated February 2016)
  • Bittern (updated April 2019)
  • Black Poplar (updated April 2019)
  • Bloody-Nosed Beetle (updated November 2018)
  • Chalk Carpet Moth (updated March 2018)
  • Common Dormouse (updated February 2021)
  • Cuckoo Bee (updated March 2018)
  • Dingy Skipper (updated February 2016)
  • Dotted Bee-Fly (updated March 2018)
  • Farmland Birds (updated May 2017)
  • Fish (in-prep)
  • Great Crested Newt (revision in progress 2021)
  • Hedgehog (updated 2021)
  • Lapwing (updated May 2017)
  • Leaf-Rolling Weevil (updated February 2021)
  • Otter (updated April 2019)
  • Rare Bumblebees (updated May 2017)
  • Red Wood Ant (update in progress 2021)  
  • Scarce Arable Plants (updated May 2017)
  • Small Blue Butterfly (updated March 2018)
  • Snipe (updated April 2019)
  • Song Thrush  (updated 2021)
  • Wading birds (in-prep)
  • Water Vole (updated April 2019)
  • White-Clawed Crayfish (updated May 2017)
  • Wood White Butterfly (updated February 2021)

Argent and Sable Moth

Bloody-Nosed Beetle

Common Dormouse

Leaf rolling weevil

Scarce arable plants

Song Thrush July 2021

White clawed crayfish

Wood white butterfly

Progress with Species Action Plans 2011-2020

Hedgehog progress report 2011-2020

Song Thrush progress report 2011-2020

Progress with Species Action Plans 2011-2019

Great crested newt progress report 2011-2019

Common dormouse progress report 2011-2019

Argent & sable progress report 2011-2019

Leaf-rolling weevil progress report 2011-2019

Red wood ant progress report 2011-2019

Wood white butterfly progress report 2011-2019

Progress with Species Action Plans 2011-2018

Please see reports below: 

Bittern progress report 2011 - 2018

Black poplar progress report

Bloody nosed beetle progress report 2011-2018

Otter progress report 2018

Snipe progress report 2018

Water vole progress report 2011-2018

Progress with Species Action Plans 2011-2017

Please see reports below: 

Adder progress report 2011 - 2017

Chalk Carpet Moth progress report 2011 - 2017

Cuckoo bee progress report 2011 - 2017

Dotted Bee-fly progress report 2011 - 2017

Small blue butterfly progress report 2011-2017

Progress with Species Action Plans 2011 - 2016

Please see reports below: 

Farmland Birds progress report 2011-2016

Lapwing progress report 2011-2016

Scarce Arable Plants progress report 2011-2016

Rare Bumblebees progress report 2011-2016

White-clawed Crayfish progress report 2011-2016

Progress with Species Action Plans 2011-2015

Please see reports below.

Barn owl progress report 2011- 2015

Bats progress report 2011-2015

Dingy skipper progress report 2011-2015

The Species and Habitat Action Plans

Comma copyright Steven Cheshire (WWT)